Socrates was a Greek philosopher who was born in 469 or 470 B.C. in Athens, Greece. Socrates is the most honored and one of the founders of Western philosophy. Socrates believed that the best way for people to live was to focus on humanity (or virtue) rather than the material wealth. Socrates is renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, pedagogy and epistemology.
Socrates never wrote any philosophical work. Most of his work is known through the writing of his students, including Plato. It is widely believe that Plato’s apology provided a faithful picture of Socrates’ philosophical ideas.
Plato’s other writings are considered as his own philosophical ideas he himself developed long after Socrates’ death, and it is unclear the degree to which Socrates is hidden behind Plato. This term is known as “Socrates problem”.
Trial of Socrates
Socrates was charged with not believing in gods in which the city believe and corrupting the mind of the youths. The speech delivered by Socrates in his defense is written by Plato in his book “apology” (apology or “Socrates apology” is a speech delivered by Socrates in his defense before the jury. It is written by Plato).