Data Protection

Federal Board | Past Papers | Notes | A-Level

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What is data protection act? Explain the data protection principles.

The data protection act defines the laws that ensure data protection. Many countries have defined the data protection act. But some advanced western countries enforce this law properly.The data protection act of different countries is based upon same basic principles.

There are eight data protection principles that are part of data protection act. The main purpose of these principles is to protect the individual data from unauthorized use and disclosure of personal information stored on a computer system. It consists of the following eight principles:

  1. The information in personal data shall be obtained and processed for lawful purposes only.
  2. Personal data shall be held only for one or more specified and lawful purposes.
  3. Personal data held for any purpose shall not be used or disclosed in any manner.
  4. Personal data held for any purpose shall be relevant to the specified purpose.
  5. Personal data shall be accurate and where necessary, kept up to date.
  6. Personal data held for any purpose shall not to be kept for longer than is necessary for that purpose.
  7. Personal data shall be made available to a person on his request, to whom data refers.
  8. Appropriate security measures shall be taken against unauthorized access to, or alteration, disclosure, accidental loss, or destruction of personal data.