Apart from security challenges, poverty indeed, is a cause of the conflict as Balochistan is hit by both poverty and unemployment. The percentage of poor in the region is much higher than other parts of Pakistan, despite the fact that Balochistan is gifted with abundant resources of gas, oil, coal, copper, and gold.

A 2013 report compiled by the Islamabad NGO Social Policy and Development Center shows Balochistan at the top of the Pakistan's poverty list, with 45% of its population living below the poverty line. In another report titled "Clustered Deprivation," published in 2014 by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute had 52% of nine million people living in poverty.

The coastal towns of Gwadar district are among the most deprived places in Pakistan, struggling with high unemployment, crimes, poor health, weak infrastructure, and an inadequate education system. The poverty starts from Jiwani and carries on through Gwadar to the towns of Pasini and Ormera along the coast.

The $46 billion that China has announced will be invest in the economic corridor will also be allocated to projects including Gwadar International Airport, Gwadar International school, Gwadar Hospital at international standard. These projects will help to bring down the poverty, in the meanwhile, the people of Gwadar may be living with a single 12-bed hospital and a college with 13 classrooms.