Kashmir Issue

Pakistan and India share several territorial disputes and the Kashmir valley stands prominent among them. Occupied by the Indian troops in 1948, Kashmir has remained a bone of contention between both the South Asian Nuclear rivals who have fought even three full scale wars as well.

Kashmir Problem – Background
Kashmir was a princely state being ruled by Hari Singh at the time of the partition. It was originally sold to the Dogra family by the British Raj. Kashmir being a Muslim majority was believed to be a part of Pakistan after people were to decide their fate.

But the people were oppressed by the ruler. At this the Phatan tribes from Pakistan’s frontier province went to liberate Kashmiri people. They conquered a considerable area which is now named as ‘Azad Jammu and Kashmir’. The remaining major part of Kashmir was occupied by the Indian troops. Before a war could escalate between India and Pakistan over this issue, the UNSC passed resolution declaring ceasefire and drawing a Line of Control between both the parts of Kashmir. The resolution also suggested to hold plebiscite in Kashmir which has never been implemented.

Kashmir Problem in the Contemporary Scenario
Pakistan never gave up the idea to free Kashmir from Indian occupation. In the contemporary run, Pakistan supported the Kashmiris at the UN General Assembly’s 70th session last year. Kashmiri ‘Huriyat Conference’ remains active in inculcating the idea of freedom and unity with Pakistan. India however tries to prevent possible interactions between any Pakistani diplomat and Huriyat leaders. India shows immature behavior to discuss the Kashmir problem.

Possible Solutions
The possible solutions to settle the Kashmir problem amicably between India and Pakistan can be following;

A. Plebiscite
If India agrees on holding plebiscite in Kashmir under the UNSC resolution then it can be an ideal solution to end the confrontation.

B. Bilateral Diplomacy
Wars can no longer decide the Kashmir problem. Active and sincere diplomacy between both the countries can help them seek a solution.

C. Third Party’s Assistance
In case bilateral diplomacy fails, both the countries can seek the mediation and assistance of a third neutral country.

D. Independent State of Kashmir
In case the deadlock remains, Kashmir can be declared an independent state if not the part of Pakistan. This will not be in national interest of Pakistan but at least good for the peace and security of the South Asia.

Kashmir issue until resolves properly and once for all, will remain a point of friction in Indo-Pak relations. There is need to settle this matter for the sake of South Asian peace and progress.