The contemporary world is the home of nearly six to eight great civilizations like Chinese, European, Islamic, etc. The question arises what was the harbinger of this modern world? The answer is found in studying the Harappa and Mohenjo-daro – the two important centers of Indus Valley Civilization, which hold the relics of human settlements of more than 5000 years ago. Both the Harappa and Moenjodaro are located in Punjab and Sindh provinces of Pakistan.
Mohenjo-Daro, Larkana Sindh, Pakistan
The first excavation of these archeological sites commenced in the 19th century during the period of British Rule over Sub-Continent. Mohenjo-daro and Harappa represent ancient and unique models of architecture and town planning. And both have been enlisted as ‘UNESCO World Heritage Sites’. The excavations in these sites have unveiled lifestyles of ancient people living there. They had store-houses, public baths, city walls, paved streets and the best sanitary system. Some of the famous sculptures extracted from Moenjodaro have been named as ‘Dancing Girl, Priest-King, and Seven- stranded Necklace’. The concerned provincial governments of Pakistan have assumed the responsibility for the preservation of these sites but often face the problem of under-funding and climatic change.