Syrian Civil War
A series of demonstrations conducted in the wake of Arab Spring of 2011 against the Syrian President Bashar Al-Asad gradually turned into violent armed confrontations between the Syrian Government and the Opposition Groups.
In the chain of events, the latest significant intervention was made by Russia in September of the previous year when the Syrian government requested the former for airstrikes against the rebels and terrorists. Russian move is backed by Iran and Iraq as well. Syria has been an important ally of Russia in the Middle East and it doesn't want to compromise its strategic value. Russian presence is, however, troublesome for both the US and its Middle Eastern allies.
Violation of Human Rights
Breaches of human rights is another shameful chapter of Syrian strife. Children and non-combatant citizens have been severally made a victim of air strikes.
An estimated 9 million Syrians are displaced, taking refuge in neighbouring countries or displaced within Syria itself. As per the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimation, over 3 million have fled to Syria's immediate neighbours Turkey (22,00,000), Lebanon (11,96,560), Jordan (1,400,000), KSA (420,000), and Iraq (247,861). The majority of the Syrian which is about 6.5 million are internally displaced within Syria. Meanwhile, under 150,000 Syrians have declared asylum in the European Union, while member states have assured to resettle a further 33,000 Syrians. The vast majority of these resettlement spots - 28,500 or 85% - are announced by Germany.
Peace Talks at Geneva
Currently, global powers including US, UK, Germany, Russia and regional powers like Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Egypt are mutually engaged in talks at Geneva to sort out the acceptable ways of bringing peace to Syria and crush ISIL.