Important Personalities

Trygve Halvdan Lie (16 July 1896 - 30 December 1968)
Trygve Lie was the first Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was Minister of Supplies of Norway, when in 1940 Germany invaded Norway. He ordered all Norwegian ships to sail to Allied ports. He served as Norwegian Foreign minister during the Norwegian government-in-exile in London.

Nelson Mandela (18 July 1918 - 5 December 2013)
Nelson Mandela was President of South Africa from 10 May 1994 to 14 June 1999. He was the first black president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid which was a system of racial segregation in South Africa.

George Washington (22 February 1732 - 14 December 1799)
George Washington was Commander-in-Chief during the American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) which lasted from 1775 to 1783 between thirteen British colonies in the United States and Kingdom of Great Britain. He presided over the Constitutional Convention which convened in Philadelphia that drafted the Constitution of United States. After the ratification of the United States Constitution, he became the first president of the United States. He served as president from 30 April 1789 to 4 March 1797.

Abraham Lincoln (12 February 1809 - 15 April 1865)
Abraham Lincoln served as president of the United States from 4 March 1861 to 15 April 1865. He was president of the United States during Civil War which lasted from 1861 to 1865. He was re-elected in the US presidential election of 1864. He abolished slavery in the United States. He was assassinated on 14 April 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, an actor, and died on 15 April 1865.

Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919, USA)
'Reform is an antidote to revolution'; with these words as his policy, Theodore Roosevelt served as the 26th United States President from 1901-1909. He led people of the United States through the 'Progressive Era' which meant for bringing political reforms and elimination of corruption. Being an astute Republican, Roosevelt worked to reduce the gap between the 'Haves' and 'Have-nots'. Along with being a good writer of several books he also participated in 'Spanish-American War' of 1898 in Cuba and became a War Hero. Construction of Panama Canal also began in his tenure. He also won the Noble Peace Prize of 1906 in honor of his work to end the Russo-Japanese war. Considered to be a man of valor, Roosevelt was given a tribute at his death in 1919 by Democratic Vice President Thomas Marshall in these words; "Death had to take him while sleeping. If he had been awake, there would have been fighting".
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